Letchworth Village — Thiells, New York
The Letchworth Village administration developed a relationship with the Eugenics Record Office affiliated with the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on the north shore of Suffolk County, Long Island. This organization, established by Charles Davenport, a prominent biologist, who wanted to apply Mendel’s laws of genetics to human beings. The Eugenics Record Office maintained background histories of Letchworth residents, and collaborated on medical experiments on children subjected to polio virus inoculations. Additional research was performed without any type of informed consent by George Jervis. Jervis was a pioneering doctor in understanding of Phenylketonuria, a genetic disease that leads to mental retardation, who used the Letchworth children as his subjects.